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About Running Records

Three-Part Process

1 Students record themselves reading aloud Benchmark Passages or Benchmark Books and send recordings to your Kids A-Z In Basket. You score their reading behavior on online running records.

2 Students record a retelling of the text and send it to your Kids A-Z In Basket, where you use online rubrics for fiction and nonfiction texts to score their comprehension.

3 Students take a Comprehension Quick Check Quiz, and our software scores it. Skill Reports help you identify comprehension skills for additional practice.

Running Records are one part of a three-part process to place students in instructionally appropriate level texts and determine whether or not students are ready to move up a level.

How to Use Running Records

Use the three-part assessment process at the beginning of the school year to place students into appropriate texts, and use the process throughout the year to monitor students' progress. Use the schedule below to assign assessments as students complete self-paced assignments at each reading level.

  • Start with Assign an Assessment. Select Running Records.
  • Select a student and a Benchmark Passage or Benchmark Book that best approximates a student's reading level. (A recorded retelling and comprehension quiz are automatically assigned for the passage or book you select.)
  • The next time a student logs into Raz-Kids, they will see the assessment they have been assigned.
  • You listen and score the running record and retelling after a student submits the recordings to your Kids A-Z In Basket.

Note Students can be assigned only one assessment at a time.

Assessment Schedule

Developmental Level Reading Level Schedule
Early Emergent readers Levels aa-C every 2 to 4 weeks
Emergent readers Levels D-J every 4 to 6 weeks
Early fluent readers Levels K-P every 6 to 8 weeks
Fluent readers Levels Q-Z every 8 to 10 weeks

Note Students who are not progressing at the expected rate should be assessed even more frequently than the Assessment Schedule suggests.

How to Score Running Records

Assessments like running records that require your interaction get delivered to your Kids A-Z In Basket.

Taking a running record takes practice. To learn more about running records in general read About Running Records on Reading A-Z. Information covered here is specific to our online running records.

  • Omission
  • Insertion
  • Mispronunciation
  • Substitution
  • Repetition
  • Self-Correction
  • No Errors

The information gathered while doing an online running record is used to determine error, accuracy, and self-correction rates.

  • While listening to the recording of your student, indicate a mistake by clicking the text at the point of an error and selecting the types of error from the menu.
  • You can select more than one error by clicking on the word again and indicating a second error.

The recording will pause while you are selecting an error type. Once an error is selected the recording will resume at a point slightly before the error.

Additional Scoring Tips

The Running Record Scorecard

Scorecard formulas are automatically calculated based on recording length and errors you have marked.

  • Error Rate

    Expressed as a ratio using the following formula:
    total words / total errors

    For example, 1:12 means that for every error made, the student reads approximately 12 words correctly.

  • Self-Correction Rate

    Expressed as a ratio using the following formula:
    (total errors + total self corrections) / total self corrections

    For example, 1:4 means that the student corrects approximately 1 out of every 4 errors. A rate of 1:4 or less indicates that the student is self-monitoring his or her reading.

  • Accuracy Rate

    Expressed as a percentage using the following formula:
    (total words - total errors) / total words * 100

  • Words Per Minute

    60 / (recording time) * (total words)

  • Words Correct Per Minute

    60 / (recording time) * (total words correct)

Place and Move Up Students

Use the chart below along with the information in the Assessment Report to determine if students are ready to move up a level. To move a student up levels in Raz-Kids, select the appropriate level from the student's Kids A-Z profile page to create a new self-paced assignment at the student's developmentally appropriate level.

Running Record Accuracy Rate Quick Check Comprehension Quiz Action
95% + 95% + Advance Student a Level
95% + 80-94% Instruct at this Level
95% + <80% Lower a Level, Assess Again
90-94% 80-94% Instruct at this Level
90-94% <80% Lower a Level, Assess Again
<90%* N/A Lower a Level, Assess Again

* Some teachers may choose to instruct students at a level in which they have scored lower than 90 percent, but generally will not instruct using texts in which students score below 85 percent.

How to Choose an Assessment Text

Views differ as to whether students should be assessed using text they have never read or familiar text. We believe using a previously unread text will give a more accurate measure of a student's ability to read and comprehend text at the assessed level.

How Do I Reward Students' Reading Progress?

Reward your students' progress with Incentives in the interactive Kids A-Z student-learning environment. Students earn stars for completing assessments and other activity on the site. You can award bonus stars after scoring assessments. Students spend earned stars to personalize their robot in the Robot Builder and their Raz Rocket.


Running Records are perfect for confirming students' reading level and assessing their progress!